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ABOUT Luxembourg

STUDY IN LUXEMBOURG - About Luxembourg

General Information    |    Geography    |    Government    |    Communication

General Information


Area: 2586 sq km (999 sq miles)

Population Growth Rate: 1.25% (2002 est.)
Population Density: 170.1 per sq km

Capital: Luxembourg-Ville

Ethnicity / Race:

Language: Lëtzeburgesch, a German-Moselle-Frankish dialect, became the officially recognised national language in 1984. French and German are generally used for administrative and commercial purposes. Many Luxembourgers also speak English.

Currency: Single European currency (Euro): The Euro is now the official currency of 12 EU member states (including Luxembourg). The first Euro coins and notes were introduced in January 2002; the Luxembourg Franc was completely replaced by the Euro on 28 February 2002. Euro (€) = 100 cents. Notes are in denominations of €500, 200, 100, 50, 20, 10 and 5. Coins are in denominations of €2 and 1, and 50, 20, 10, 5, 2 and 1 cents.

Religion: Around 91 per cent Roman Catholic, with Protestant, Anglican and Jewish minorities.

Time: GMT + 1 (GMT + 2 from last Sunday in March to Saturday before last Sunday in October).

Electricity: 220 volts AC, 50Hz.

Health: Rabies may be present in wildlife. For those at high risk, vaccination before arrival should be considered. If you are bitten, seek medical advice without delay. For more information, consult the Health appendix.

Customs: The code of practice for visiting someone’s home is similar to other Western European countries: it is acceptable to give gifts or flowers if invited for a meal. Smart-casual dress is widely acceptable, but some dining rooms, clubs and social functions will demand formal attire. Evening wear, black tie (for men) is usually specified on invitation if required. Smoking is prohibited where notified and is becoming increasingly unacceptable.





Location: Western Europe, between France and Germany

Geographic coordinates: 49 45 N, 6 10 E

Total: 2,586 sq km
Water: 0 sq km
Land: 2,586 sq km

Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

Climate: modified continental with mild winters, cool summers

Terrain: mostly gently rolling uplands with broad, shallow valleys; uplands to slightly mountainous in the north; steep slope down to Moselle flood plain in the southeast

Elevation extremes: lowest point: Moselle River 133 m
highest point: Buurgplaatz 559 m

Natural resources: iron ore (no longer exploited), arable land

Natural hazards: NA

Environment - current issues: air and water pollution in urban areas, soil pollution of farmland

Geography - note: landlocked; the only Grand Duchy in the world, it is the smallest of the European Union member states







Government Structure: Constitutional monarchy. Luxembourg is a founding member of the European Union and the only Grand Duchy in the world. Head of State: Grand Duke Henri since 2000. Head of Government: Prime Minister Jean-Claude Juncker since 1994.





Telephone: Full IDD is available. Country code: 352 (no area codes). Outgoing international code: 00. International phones have a yellow sign showing a telephone dial with a receiver in the centre.

Mobile telephone: GSM 900 and 1800 networks. Network operators include Tango SA (website: and P & T Luxembourg (website:

Fax: There is a fax booth at the Luxembourg-Ville main post office. Faxes may be sent to a central number (491 175) for delivery by express mail within Luxembourg.

Internet: Internet and e-mail services are available in Internet cafes. ISPs include Visual Online Sarl (website:

Telegram: There are facilities at the post office at 25 rue Aldringen, Luxembourg-Ville, and in all major towns. Hotels often allow guests to use their facilities.

Post: Post to other European destinations takes 2 to 4 days. There are poste restante facilities throughout the country. Prospective recipients must first register for a PO Box. Mail will be held for up to 1 month. Post office hours are generally Mon-Fri 0800-1200 and 1330-1700. The Luxembourg-Ville main office (opposite the railway station) is open Mon-Fri 0600-1900, Sat 0600-1200. Smaller offices may open for only a few hours. Telephone 49911 for details.

Press: There are several daily newspapers including the Tageblatt, Luxemburger Wort – La Voix du Luxembourg (which has the highest circulation), Lëtzebuerger Journal, La Republicain Lorrain and Zeitung vum Lëtzeburger Vollek. There is one weekly English-language newspaper, The Luxembourg News.

Radio: BBC World Service (website: From time to time the frequencies change and the most up-to-date can be found online.

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