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STUDY IN Lithuania - About Lithuania

General Information    |    Geography    |    Government    |    Communication

General Information


Area: 65,200 sq km

Population: 3,596,617 (July 2005 est.)

Capital: Vilnius

Ethnicity / Race: Lithuanian 83.4%, Polish 6.7%, Russian 6.3%, other or unspecified 3.6% (2001 census)

Independence: 11 March 1990 (independence declared from Soviet Union); 6 September 1991 (Soviet Union recognizes Lithuania's independence)

Language: Lithuanian (official) 82%, Russian 8%, Polish 5.6%, other and unspecified 4.4% (2001 census)

Currency: xxxxx

Religion: Roman Catholic 79%, Russian Orthodox 4.1%, Protestant (including Lutheran and Evangelical Christian Baptist) 1.9%, other or unspecified 5.5%, none 9.5% (2001 census)

Time: GMT + 2 (daylight saving time GMT + 3 from 29 Mar to 26 Sep)

Electricity: 220 volts AC, 50Hz. European two-pin plugs are in use.

Communications: Telephone system: general assessment: inadequate, but is being modernized to provide an improved international capability and better residential access

Domestic: a national, fiber-optic cable, interurban, trunk system is nearing completion; rural exchanges are being improved and expanded; mobile cellular systems are being installed; access to the Internet is available; still many unsatisfied telephone subscriber applications

Landline connections to Latvia and Poland; major international connections to Denmark, Sweden, and Norway by submarine cable for further transmission by satellite

International: country code - 370





Location: Eastern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea, between Latvia and Russia

Geographic coordinates: 56 00 N, 24 00 E

65,200 sq km
land: NA km
water: NA sq km

Coastline: 99km

Maritime claims: territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: transitional, between maritime and continental; wet, moderate winters and summers

Terrain: lowland, many scattered small lakes, fertile soil

Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Baltic Sea 0 m
highest point: Juozapines/Kalnas 292 m

Natural resources: peat, arable land

Natural hazards: NA

Geography - note: fertile central plains are separated by hilly uplands that are ancient glacial deposits





Chief of State: President
Head of Government: Premier
Cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the nomination of the premier


  • President elected by popular vote for a five-year term
  • premier appointed by the president on the approval of the Parliament





Telephone: IDD is available. Country code: 370. City codes: 2 for Vilnius, 7 for Kaunas, 6 for Klaipeda. Outgoing international code: 810. There are two kinds of payphone: rectangular telephones which take magnetic strip cards and rounded telephones which take chip cards. Phonecards are sold at kiosks and post offices. Plans are underway to introduce one type of phonecard, compatible with both phones.

Mobile telephone: GSM 900 and 1800 networks in use. Network operators include Bite (website:, Omnitel (website: and Tele2 (website: Coverage extends all over the country. Roaming agreements are in operation.

Fax: Services in Vilnius are available in large hotels, at the Central Post Office, Gedimino 7, and at Faxsav and at a few other fax bureaux.

Internet: Public access is available at the Lithuanian National Library and increasingly at Internet centres and cafes in main cities and towns. ISPs include Aiva (website: and Omnitel (website:

Telegram: There are telegram facilities in main post offices in each town.

Post: Post to Western Europe takes up to six days. There is a variety of private companies offering express mail services.

Press: Newspapers are published in Lithuanian and some in Russian or Polish. The major dailies are Kauno Diena, Lietuvos Rytas, Respublika and Vakaro Zinios, plus the twice-weekly Valstieciu Laikrastis.

Radio: BBC World Service (website: and Voice of America (website: can be received. From time to time the frequencies change and the most up-to-date can be found online


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