Area: 64,589 sq km (24,938 sq
Population: 2,290,237 (July
Ethnicity / Race: (1998) 55.5
%, Russians - 32.4%, Belorussians - 3.9%, Ukrainians
- 2.9%, Lithuanians - 2.2%, Poles - 1.3%, others
Independence: Full independence
de facto is restored on August 21, 1991
Language: Latvian is the official
language. It is an Indo-European, non-Slavic and
non-Germanic language and is similar only to Lithuanian.
Russian is the mother tongue of over 30 per cent
of the population and is understood by most people.
English and German may also be understood.
Religion: Predominantly Protestant
(Lutheran) with 19 per cent of the population
being Roman Catholic. There is also a Russian
Time: GMT + 2. (GMT + 3 from
last Sunday in March to Saturday before last Sunday
Electricity: 220 volts AC, 50Hz.
European-style two-pin plugs are in use.
Communications: Telephone system: IDD
is available. Country code: 371. Outgoing international
code: 00. Directory enquiries: 09. International
calls can be made from telephone booths. Payphones
are operated by phonecards which can be purchased
at kiosks, post offices and in some shops.
International: country code