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STUDY IN DENMARK - About Denmark

General Information    |    Geography    |    Government    |    Communication

General Information


Area: 43,096 sq km (16,640 sq miles).

Population: 5,368,854 (July 2002 est.)
Population Growth Rate: 0.29% (2002 est.)
Population Density: 124.1 per sq km

Capital: Copenhagen

Ethnicity / Race: Scandinavian, Inuit, Faroese, German, Turkish, Iranian, Somali

Language: Danish, Faroese, Greenlandic (an Inuit dialect), German (small minority)
note: English is the predominant second language

Currency: Danish Krone (DKR) = 100 øre. Notes are in denominations of DKR1000, 500, 200, 100 and 50. Coins are in denominations of DKR20, 10, 5, 2 and 1, and 50 and 25 øre.

Religion: Predominantly Evangelical Lutheran with a small Roman Catholic minority

Time: GMT + 1 (GMT + 2 from last Sunday in March to Saturday before last Sunday in October)

Electricity: 220 volts AC, 50Hz. Continental two-pin plugs are standard. On many campsites, 110-volt power plugs are also available

Health: Diabetic diets are catered for at many restaurants. See Food & Drink in the Social Profile section

Tipping: Hotels and restaurants quote fully inclusive prices and tipping is not necessary. Taxi fares include tips. Railway porters and washroom attendants receive tips.

Customs: The Jutland peninsula and 400 surrounding islands that form one of Europe’s smallest countries once spawned a seafaring race of people feared throughout northwestern Europe. Today, visitors to Denmark find a country that is peaceful, introspective, neutral and egalitarian. This is the epitome of a modern, civilised society, one especially noted for its progressive policies, widespread tolerance and a liberal social welfare system. The nation that produced the great story-teller, Hans Christian Andersen, continues to have as its hallmarks good taste, world-class design and uniformly high standards that apply equally to its cuisine, accommodation and transport. Add to this a people both amiable and helpful, with a facility for languages, and the result is an overwhelming sense of welcome.

From the spirited nightlife and lively cafe and music scene of its capital, Copenhagen, home to world-renowned museums and cultural activities (not least the splendour of the Tivoli Gardens), to a countryside that abounds in Renaissance churches, medieval castles and 18th-century fishing villages, Denmark is a synergy of harmonious relationships.




Location: Northern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and the North Sea, on a peninsula north of Germany (Jutland); also includes two major islands (Sjaelland and Fyn)

Geographic coordinates: 56 00 N, 10 00 E

total: 43,094 sq km
Water: 700 sq km note: includes the island of Bornholm in the Baltic Sea and the rest of metropolitan Denmark (the Jutland Peninsula, and the major islands of Sjaelland and Fyn), but excludes the Faroe Islands and Greenland
Land: 42,394 sq km

Coastline: 7,314 km

Maritime claims: continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM

Territorial sea: 12 NM

Climate: temperate; humid and overcast; mild, windy winters and cool summers

Terrain: low and flat to gently rolling plains

Elevation extremes: lowest point: Lammefjord -7 m
highest point: Yding Skovhoej 173 m

Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, fish, salt, limestone, stone, gravel and sand

Natural hazards: flooding is a threat in some areas of the country (e.g., parts of Jutland, along the southern coast of the island of Lolland) that are protected from the sea by a system of dikes

Environment - current issues: air pollution, principally from vehicle and power plant emissions; nitrogen and phosphorus pollution of the North Sea; drinking and surface water becoming polluted from animal wastes and pesticides

Geography - note: controls Danish Straits (Skagerrak and Kattegat) linking Baltic and North Seas; about one-quarter of the population lives in greater Copenhagen




Government Structure: Denmark is a constitutional monarchy. The constitutional charter of 1953 gives the hereditary monarch and the unicameral Parliament (Folketing) legislative power. The monarch has no personal political power. Members are elected to the parliament by proportional representation.




Telephone: Full IDD is available. Country code: 45. Outgoing international code: 00. There are no area codes.

Mobile Telephone: GSM 1800 and 900 networks.

Network operators include:

Fax: Available from many main post offices and from major hotels.

Internet: ISPs include Telepassport (website: and Business Net Danmark. Internet cafes are available in most urban areas.

Telegram: The Copenhagen Central Telegraph Office is open 24 hours a day. Telegrams can also be sent by phone; dial 122.

Post: All telephone and postal rates are printed at the post offices. All post offices offer Poste Restante facilities. Post offices are open Mon-Fri 0900-1730, and some are open Sat 0900-1200.

Press: Newspapers are largely regional; the main papers in the capital include Berlingske Tidende, Ekstra Bladet, Politiken and Dagbladet Information. English-language newspapers and magazines are also available.

Radio: BBC World Service Website: From time to time the frequencies change and the most up-to-date can be found online.

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