Area: 43,096 sq km (16,640 sq
Population: 5,368,854 (July
Population Growth Rate: 0.29% (2002 est.)
Population Density: 124.1 per sq km
Ethnicity / Race: Scandinavian,
Inuit, Faroese, German, Turkish, Iranian, Somali
Language: Danish, Faroese, Greenlandic
(an Inuit dialect), German (small minority)
note: English is the predominant second language
Currency: Danish Krone (DKR)
= 100 øre. Notes are in denominations of
DKR1000, 500, 200, 100 and 50. Coins are in denominations
of DKR20, 10, 5, 2 and 1, and 50 and 25 øre.
Religion: Predominantly Evangelical
Lutheran with a small Roman Catholic minority
Time: GMT + 1 (GMT + 2 from
last Sunday in March to Saturday before last Sunday
Electricity: 220 volts AC, 50Hz.
Continental two-pin plugs are standard. On many
campsites, 110-volt power plugs are also available
Health: Diabetic diets are catered
for at many restaurants. See Food & Drink
in the Social Profile section
Tipping: Hotels and restaurants
quote fully inclusive prices and tipping is not
necessary. Taxi fares include tips. Railway porters
and washroom attendants receive tips.
Customs: The Jutland peninsula
and 400 surrounding islands that form one of Europe’s
smallest countries once spawned a seafaring race
of people feared throughout northwestern Europe.
Today, visitors to Denmark find a country that
is peaceful, introspective, neutral and egalitarian.
This is the epitome of a modern, civilised society,
one especially noted for its progressive policies,
widespread tolerance and a liberal social welfare
system. The nation that produced the great story-teller,
Hans Christian Andersen, continues to have as
its hallmarks good taste, world-class design and
uniformly high standards that apply equally to
its cuisine, accommodation and transport. Add
to this a people both amiable and helpful, with
a facility for languages, and the result is an
overwhelming sense of welcome.
From the spirited nightlife and lively cafe and
music scene of its capital, Copenhagen, home to
world-renowned museums and cultural activities
(not least the splendour of the Tivoli Gardens),
to a countryside that abounds in Renaissance churches,
medieval castles and 18th-century fishing villages,
Denmark is a synergy of harmonious relationships.
Location: Northern Europe, bordering
the Baltic Sea and the North Sea, on a peninsula
north of Germany (Jutland); also includes two
major islands (Sjaelland and Fyn)
Geographic coordinates: 56 00
N, 10 00 E
total: 43,094 sq km
Water: 700 sq km note: includes
the island of Bornholm in the Baltic Sea and the
rest of metropolitan Denmark (the Jutland Peninsula,
and the major islands of Sjaelland and Fyn), but
excludes the Faroe Islands and Greenland
Land: 42,394 sq km
Coastline: 7,314 km
Maritime claims: continental
shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
Territorial sea: 12 NM
Climate: temperate; humid and
overcast; mild, windy winters and cool summers
Terrain: low and flat to gently
Elevation extremes: lowest point:
Lammefjord -7 m
highest point: Yding Skovhoej 173 m
Natural resources: petroleum,
natural gas, fish, salt, limestone, stone, gravel
Natural hazards: flooding is
a threat in some areas of the country (e.g., parts
of Jutland, along the southern coast of the island
of Lolland) that are protected from the sea by
a system of dikes
Environment - current issues:
air pollution, principally from vehicle and power
plant emissions; nitrogen and phosphorus pollution
of the North Sea; drinking and surface water becoming
polluted from animal wastes and pesticides
Geography - note: controls Danish
Straits (Skagerrak and Kattegat) linking Baltic
and North Seas; about one-quarter of the population
lives in greater Copenhagen
Telephone: Full IDD is available.
Country code: 45. Outgoing international code:
00. There are no area codes.
Mobile Telephone: GSM 1800 and
Network operators include:
Fax: Available from many main
post offices and from major hotels.
Internet: ISPs include Telepassport
and Business Net Danmark. Internet cafes are available
in most urban areas.
Telegram: The Copenhagen Central
Telegraph Office is open 24 hours a day. Telegrams
can also be sent by phone; dial 122.
Post: All telephone and postal
rates are printed at the post offices. All post
offices offer Poste Restante facilities. Post
offices are open Mon-Fri 0900-1730, and some are
open Sat 0900-1200.
Press: Newspapers are largely
regional; the main papers in the capital include
Berlingske Tidende, Ekstra Bladet, Politiken and
Dagbladet Information. English-language newspapers
and magazines are also available.
Radio: BBC World Service Website:
From time to time the frequencies
change and the most up-to-date can be found online.